Sunday, February 9, 2014

A Quiz…with the answers!

 How much of our blue planet is salt water and unfit for human use?
a) 50% b) 70% c) 97.5%?      C

Where is the majority of fresh water
a) Lakes b) rivers c) polar regions   C

What percentage of fresh water is usable
a) 20% b) 50% c) 1%     C

What factors increase our demand for water?
Increase in population, industrialization, drought and irrigation

What percentage of world water use is consumed by
Agriculture: 70%
Domestic Use: 8%
Industry: 22%

How much water in litres is needed to produce a kilo of food in the following:
Potatoes 1,000
Wheat     1,400
Rice         3,450
Chicken  4,600
Beef     42,500
It takes 7 litres of water to produce one plastic water bottle.

By 2025 two thirds of the world’s people will be facing water stress - 11 years from now!

Water need
The recommended basic water requirement is 50 litres per day but people can get by with 30 litres a day. The average use in
Britain:         200 litres
Gambia:          4.5 litres
Mali:               8 litres
Uganda           9.3 litres
USA             500 litres

Due to chemicals, pollution, toxins, human and animal waste and don’t get me started on fracking there are a lot of people getting sick. 4 Billion case of diarrhea worldwide every year and 2.2 million avoidable deaths…a death every 14 seconds. Most of the world does not have a safe supply of water and in some countries women walk for hours to fetch water. In Jakarta, the poor pay water vendors 60 times the price of water on the standard connection, in Haiti they pay 100 times! 

Half a billion people live in countries chronically short of water. By 2050 this is likely to rise to more than 4 billion. The problem is exacerbated by unsustainable depletion of groundwater stock, where nearly all of the world’s available fresh water is stored. 97% of fresh water is stored in these aquifers. They are severely deplete in parts of India, China, the Middle East, the U.S. and North Africa. The world is currently running a groundwater overdraft of 200 billion cubic metres a year.

Source: New Internationalist. Guardian.

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